Clinicopathological characteristics and treatment of patients with high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma: A retrospective study of 40 cases

Reprinted from Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan. 14;101(2):e28490. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000028490

Abstract

To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS).The clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, and prognostic information of consecutive HG-ESS patients were collected from medical records and then evaluated.A total of 40 women were included in the analysis. The immunohistochemical profiles indicated that HG-ESS tumors tend to be locally or weakly positive for vimentin (100%) and CD10 (72.0%) but mostly negative for desmin (7.7%) and AE1/AE3 (9.1%). The progression-free survival intervals and the clinical benefit rates of patients receiving radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy were slightly longer and higher than those receiving simple observation (progression-free survival: 6 and 5 months vs 2 months; clinical benefit rate: 83.3% and 75.0% vs 28.6%). The 1-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rate was 62.7%. Tumor size, myometrial invasion, lymphovascular space invasion, cervical involvement, Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, and residual disease all significantly affected the DSS rate (P < .001, =.002, <.001, =.004, <.001, and <.001, respectively). For patients with stage I disease, the 1-year DSS rate was as high as 91.7%, in contrast to 66.7%, 26.7%, and 0% for those with stage II, III, and IV disease, respectively.HG-ESS is associated with an adverse prognosis. FIGO stage could effectively predict the prognosis of patients with this lethal disease. Immunohistochemical markers, vimentin+/CD10+ (local or very weak), in combination with desmin-/AE1/AE3-, may be helpful for improving the diagnostic accuracy of this lethal condition. The therapeutic roles of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy warrant further investigation.

Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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